What is Cognitive Behavioural Therapy?
Cognitive behavioural therapies, or CBT, are a range of talking therapies based on the theory that thoughts, feelings, what we do and how our body feels are all connected. If we change one of these we can alter the others.
When people feel worried or distressed we often fall into patterns of thinking and responding which can worsen how we feel. CBT works to help us notice and change problematic thinking styles or behaviour patterns so we can feel better. CBT has lots of strategies that can help you in the here and now.
How does Cognitive Behavioural Therapy work?
CBT has a good evidence base for a wide range of mental health problems in adults, older adults, children and young people. This research has been carefully reviewed by the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE), who provide independent, evidence-based guidance for the NHS on the most effective ways to treat disease and ill health.
What can Cognitive Behavioural Therapy help with?
NICE recommends CBT in the treatment of the following conditions:
- Anxiety disorders (including panic attacks and post-traumatic stress disorder)
- Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
- Schizophrenia and psychosis
- Bipolar disorder
There is also good evidence that CBT is helpful in treating many other conditions, including:
- Chronic fatigue
- Chronic pain
- Physical symptoms without a medical diagnosis
- Sleep difficulties
- Anger management
CBT can be used if you are on medication which has been prescribed by your GP. You can also use CBT on its own. This will depend on the difficulty you want help with.
How is Cognitive Behavioural Therapy delivered?
CBT can be offered in individual sessions with a therapist or as part of a group. The number of sessions you need depends on the difficulty you need help with.
You and your therapist will discuss your specific difficulties and set goals for you to achieve. Your therapist will not make decisions for you. They will help you decide what difficulties you want to work on in order to help you improve your situation. Your therapist will be able to advise you on how to continue using CBT techniques in your daily life after your treatment ends. CBT is a flexible form of therapy as it as just as effective online as it is face-to-face.
What is an Employee Assistance Programme (EAP)?
EAP's are intended to help employees deal with personal problems that might adversely impact their work performance, health and well-being. It is a confidential service separate and independant from the employer.
What issues can an Employee Assistance Programme help with?
An Employee Assistance Programme can typically help with issues such as: work related stress, depression, anxiety, harrassment, work disputes, disciplinary actions, marital problems, substance abuse, ill health (such as cancer), separation and loss, work/leisure balance abd personal problems.
How does an Emloyee Assistance Programme benefit an employer?
Employees have access to a resource that can remedy a potentially debilitating problem, this can reduce absenteeism or even turnover. As a result, you'll have a happier, more productive workplace. You may also be able to minimize the cost of your health insurance plan, because employees can use the EAP to ward off stress-related illnesses, meaning fewer trips to the doctor.